|10.MAKKI = DEFENCES
|There are two categories of defenses:
|a. Most of them aim to redirect the attacks.
|b. Some have the intention to stop or slow down the attack. Blockings/defenses with the arms are called Makki. Whereas defenses with the legs are named differently.
|Hand-/arm defences can be performed with:
|An Palmok, Bakat Palmok, Sonnal and Batangson.
|There are several directions:
|Blocking sideways, performed as An Makki or Bakat Makki.
|Bakat Palmok Arae Bakat Makki
|Lower section outward blocking with the outer side of the forearm. 1
|Sonnal Momtong Yeop Bakat Makki
|Sideway middle section open hand blocking. 4
|Bakat Palmok Momtong An Makki
|Inward middle section blocking with the outside of the forearm. 1
|Bakat Palmok Momtong Yeop An Makki
|Sideway middle section blocking with the outside of the forearm.
|Bakat Palmok Eolgool Makki
|Upward high blocking with the outside of the forearm 1
|Sonnal Arae Yeop Bakat Makki
|Lower section sideway blocking to the outer with knife hand 7
|Geodeuro Bakat Palmok Arae Bakat Makki
|Supporting lower section blocking to the outer with knife hand. 8
|Geodeuro An Palmok Momtong Yeop Bakat Makki
|Supporting sideway middle section blocking with the inner part of the forearm.
|An Palmok Momtong Yeop Bakat Makki
|Outward sideway middle section blocking with the inner part of the forearm.
|Bakat Palmok Arae Yeop Bakat Makki
|Outward sideway lower section blocking with the inner part of the forearm. 4
|An Palmok Momtong Bakat Makki
|Outward middle middle section block with the inner part of the forearm 14
|Geodeuro An Palmok Momtong Bakat Makki
|Supporting middle section inward block with the inner part of the forearm. 15
|Han Sonnal Momtong Yeop An Makki
|Sideway inward middle section block with one knife hand.
|Han Sonnal Momtong Yeop Bakat Makki
|Sideway outward middle section block with one knife hand. 3
|Sonnal Arae Bakat Makki
|Sideway outward lower section block with open hands. 7
|In case a blocking is performed with the palm of the hand, in most cases it is a pushing movement.
|It can be performed downward, sideways (mostly inwardly).
|The name of this pushing block is Nooleo Makki, f.i.:
|Batangson Nooleo Makki
|Pushing block downward. 9
|Apart from these, there are other defenses performed with the arm or hand consisting of double blockings. F.i., there are:
|Keumgang Momtong Makki
|Double block consisting of Eolgool Makki and An Palmok Yeop Bakat Makki. 11
|Keumgang Arae Makki
|Double block consisting of Eolgool Makki and Arae Makki. 10
|PS Keumgang Makki can also be performed with the knifehand side: Sonnal Keumgang Makki. 16
|Scissors block, consisting of An Palmok Momtong Bakat Makki en Arae Makki 7
|PSB. In case An Palmok Momtong Bakat Makki is performed while having the same leg in the front, it is called Bandae Gawi Makki: Reversed, it is called Baro Gawi Makki! 7
|Wedging block, f.i.
|Bakat Palmok Momtong Hechyo Makki
|Simulataneously right and left arm performing Bakat Palmok Momtang Bakat Makki. 7
|An Palmok Momtong Hechyo Makki
|Same but now An Palmok Momtong Bakat Makki. 10
|Bakat Palmok Arae Hechyo Makki
|Simultaneously left and right performing an Arae-Yeop Makki. 6
|PS. Bakat Palmok Hechyo Makki cn also be performed with the knife hand, in that case it is called Sonnal Hechyo Makki.
|Cross blocking, f.i.
|Arae Eotgereo Makki
|Defense of the lower section body with crossed forearms. 7
|Eolgool Eotgereo Makki
|Defense of the head by crossed forearms, 17
|PS. Eotgereo Makki can also be performed with the knife hand: Sonnal Eotgereo Makki.
|Mountain shape Block, bv.) Chinese for Mountain is山 (= SHAN).
|Double blocking: simultaneously left and right: An Palmok Yeop Bakat Makki at Eolgool height. 10
|This is a variety of the Santeul Makki. It is a combination of An Palmok Yeop Bakat Makki (Eolgool) and Arae Yeop Makki.
|PS. Santeul Makki can also be performed with the knife hand: Sonnal Oesanteul Makki. 15
|Defense that stops and pushes the attack(er), performed with both palms of the hand. F.i.:
|Tong Milgi Defense of the throat